ECHRCaseLaw

Violent beating of a citizen during police control and impunity of police officers due to statute of limitations. Conviction for degrading treatment

JUDGMENT
Akın v. Turkey 17.11.2020 (app. no. 58026/12)
Citizen beaten by police and serious bodily harm. No police convictions. Humiliating treatment.

The applicant, during a typical identity check from police officers was severely beaten, resulting in severe bodily harm. He filed lawsuits against two police officers. The officers were sentenced to 6 and 5 months in prison respectively. However, no sentence was carried out because until the appeal was heard in the Court of Cassation, the crime of the police officers fell into statute of limitations.

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Prisoner did not receive meals compatible with his religion. No written proof is required for a change of religion. Violation of the right to religious freedom

JUDGMENT
Saran v. Romania 10.11.2020 (app. no. 65993/16)
Religious freedom and compatible meals in prisons. Failure to provide a prisoner with meals compliant with Islamic principles.
The applicant was held in five Romanian prisons between 2016 and 2018. He complained that he had not received meals in accordance with his religious, Islam, in two of them and was required to provide written proof , although he had stated that he was a Muslim when he was admitted in prison and the prison records confirmed this fact.

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Expulsion of a forged foreigner and his separation from his partner and their 3 children. The gravity of the offense cannot outweigh the best interests of the children. Violation of respect for family life!

ΑΠΟΦΑΣΗ
Unuane κατά Ηνωμένου Βασιλείου της 24.11.2020 (αρ. προσφ.  80343/17)
Απέλαση αλλοδαπού που καταδικάστηκε για πλαστογραφίες αδειών παραμονής. Χωρισμός του με σύντροφο και τρία παιδιά. Δικαίωμα σεβασμού της οικογενειακής ζωής.
Ο προσφεύγων υπήκοος Νιγηρίας, διέμενε μόνιμα με την σύντροφο του και τα τρία παιδιά τους στο Ηνωμένο Βασίλειο. Απελάθηκαν οικογενειακώς, πλην του τρίτου παιδιού, για λόγους δημόσιας τάξης και ασφάλειας καθόσον οι δύο γονείς καταδικάστηκαν για πλαστογραφία αδειών διαμονής. Οι αιτήσεις ακύρωσης της συντρόφου και των δύο παιδιών έγιναν δεκτές από τα εγχώρια Δικαστήρια, σε αντίθεση με αυτή του προσφεύγοντα, η οποία απορρίφθηκε και εκείνος αναγκάστηκε να αποχωρήσει από το Ηνωμένο Βασίλειο. Άσκησε προσφυγή για παραβίαση του άρθρου 8.

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Freedom of expression is violated by the unlawful detention of a journalist during the performance of his duties. Detention is not compatible with the ECHR when there is no reasonable suspicion of guilt

JUDGMENT
Şık v. Turkey 24.11.2020 (app. no.  36493/17)
The case concerned the initial and continued pre-trial detention of the journalist Ahmet Şık, who
was suspected of disseminating propaganda in favour of organisations considered to be terrorist
organisations or of assisting them through articles and interviews published in the Turkish daily
newspaper Cumhuriyet and social media posts, all of which criticised government policy.
The Court held that Mr Şık could not be reasonably suspected, at the time of his placement in
detention, of having committed the offences of disseminating propaganda in favour of terrorist
organisations or assisting those organisations. In other words, the facts of the case did not support
the conclusion that a reasonable suspicion had existed against him. Accordingly, although imposed
under judicial supervision, the orders for Mr Şık’s initial and continued detention had been based on
mere suspicion.

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A detainee was compensated with 500 euros for detention conditions in his cell and he was forced to pay 773 euros for the expertise made for the detention conditions! Violation of the ECHR

JUDGMENT
Barbotin v. France  19.11.2020 (app. no.  25338/16)
The case concerned the compensation awarded to the applicant by the domestic courts in respect of
his conditions of detention in Caen remand prison. The applicant complained of the ineffectiveness
of the compensatory remedy of which he had availed himself, in view of the low amount awarded
and the fact that he had had to pay the expert’s fees incurred to inspect the cells in which he had
been held.

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The conditions of hygiene and detention of Geneva prisons were according to international standards. 3.39m² the individual space in the cell. No finding of degrading treatment

JUDGMENT
Bardali v. Switzerland 24.11.2020 (app. no.  31623/17)
The case concerned the applicant’s conditions of detention in Champ-Dollon Prison in the Canton of
Geneva.
The Court found, in particular, that the lack of personal space for the applicant in Champ-Dollon
Prison could not on its own constitute a breach of Article 3 of the Convention. Indeed, the individual
space available to the applicant, less than the 4 m² standard established by the European Committee
for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment (CPT), had to be considered
together with the applicant’s other material conditions of detention in order to determine whether
or not there had been a violation of Article 3.

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The surreptitiously taken photos of the applicant who was the Party Chairman partner at her exit from the hospital violated the respect for private life

JUDGMENT
Dupate v. Latvia 19.11.2020 (app. no. 18068/11)
Photographes taken secretly of mother and newborn child as they leave the maternity clinic and their publication in the media. The applicant was the partner of the President of a political party, who was a public figure. Right to the protection of the privacy of the mother. Balancing privacy and freedom of expression.

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Condemnation of a politician because he did not assist the police in dispersing demonstrations! Violation of freedom of expression

JUDGMENT
Ιmrek v. Turkey 10.11.2020 (app. no. 45975/12)
Criminal conviction of a politician for participating in demonstrations and non-assistance of the police in the dissolution. Freedom of expression.

The applicant was convicted of propaganda in favor of a terrorist organization. The domestic courts based their conviction on his participation in two demonstrations and his lack of assistance to the police in dispersing the protesters. They considered that he did not have the appropriate reaction to the disputed actions of the protesters, that he only had to warn them, that he had not asked the government commissioner to end the demonstration and had not provided the necessary assistance to him and the police for this purpose.

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Refusing to respond to a candidate’s request whether playing a Kurdish song in his election campaign was an offense did not limit or affect the effectiveness of his voting rights

JUDGMENT
Ahmet Yavuz Yılmaz v. Turkey 10.11.2020 (app. no. 48593/07)
Right to be elected. Possibility to play a Kurdish song in the election campaign of a candidate for MP.
The applicant is a lawyer and run in the national elections. He applied to the Electoral Council of his district to clarify if he could play a Kurdish song in his election campaign and if it was illegal, because the election law provided that the election campaign could only take place in Turkish, the The Supreme Court had ruled that the reproduction of a Kurdish song was not illegal. The Council replied that it had no jurisdiction to respond.

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The violent arrest of a lawyer-protester by police constituted degrading treatment. ECHR violations due to arrests and overnight detention of protesters

JUDGMENT
Navalnyy and Gunko v. Russia 10.11.2020 (app. no. 75186/12)
Two protesters were arrested in Bolotnaya Square in Russia in May 2012 during a political demonstration against the government. Their overnight detention in a police station and administrative conviction for violating legal police orders.
One of the protesters, Aleksey Navalnyy, a lawyer and political activist, claimed in his application before the ECtHR that a police officer had used excessive force during his arrest. Both protesters also claimed that their arrest and overnight detention was unjustified and arbitrary, that the administrative proceedings against them were unfair, that the dissolution of the demonstration, their arrest and subsequent conviction were disproportionate and that these violations of their rights were intended to undermine the freedom of assembly.

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ECHRCaseLaw

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