The European Court of Human Rights, based in Strasbourg (ECtHR), is the most important International Court of Human Rights with rich and interesting caselaw.
The goal of the ECHRCaseLaw online platform is:
- To inform citizens and judicials (lawyers, judges, professors, researchers, students) about case-law of the European Court of Human Rights and how the Court works.
- Analyze and highlight the most important judgments of the European Court of Human Rights and keep updated information on the Court’s new judgments, published a few hours after they are posted on the official site of the Court.
- Presentation of the Dissenting opinions of the Strasbourg Judges and of the most important ones.
- Α critical approach of the case-law by “specialists/experts” – from the legal and judicial sphere- who are experienced and have thorough knowledge of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) who are in a position, due to their experience, to create their own different legal path. Thus, contributing to the development of this important institution.
- Simultaneously, individuals can find “useful” tools and detailed information on how to apply before the Court but also learn about the cost of an individual application before the EctHR, claiming and restoring their rights outside the Greek borders. The latter can bring economic benefits for the applicant if just compensation is awarded, but most importantly, a positive decision by the ECtHR may be a “bridge” and may be the reason for the Greek Court to re-examine the case and the lost claims of the applicants.
The core of the Court incorporates some important principles, promoting the legal culture and protecting fundamental freedoms and human rights.
The European Court of Human Rights is the first international judicial mechanism for the protection of human rights and its decisions over the years reflect on the judicial and legal world and also on the citizens of each member state of the Council of Europe. Having exhausted all domestic remedies, one could lodge an application before the Court as his/her last resort.
The European Court of Human Rights is an international court based in Strasbourg. It consists of a number of judges equal to those of the Council of Europe member states that have ratified the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Member States are currently 47. The Court’s judges sit in their individual capacity and do not represent any State. In dealing with applications, the Court is assisted by a Registry consisting mainly of lawyers from all the member States (who are also known as legal secretaries). They are entirely independent of their country of origin and do not represent applicants nor States.
The Convention, which is also the “Guideline” for the functioning of the European Court of Human Rights, includes a series of rights and guarantees which the States must respect.
The Court applies the European Convention on Human Rights and with its judgments protects a number of rights, as the protection of human rights is not at all evident, especially in times like ours.
The Convention provides inter alia:
- The right to life.
- The prohibition of torture
- The prohibition of slavery and forced labor,
- The right to personal freedom and security
- Right to a fair trial (political, criminal, administrative, disciplinary).
- The right to respect for private and family life.
- The right to marry
- Freedom of expression.
- Freedom of thought, conscience and religion.
- Protection of property
- The right to vote and to stand for election.
- Prohibition of discrimination
It is worth mentioning – especially for non-jurists – that the European Court of Human Rights must not be confused with the Court of Justice of the European Union, which is an institution of the European Union, based in Luxembourg and is responsible for the correct application of the European law.