The testimony of the victim in the pre-trial is not enough to convict the accused. His presence in the audience is required.
JUDGMENT Cafagna v. Italy 12/10/2017 (no. 26073/13) see here SUMMARY Robbery on the street. The victim testified before the police and identified the accused by photographers. In the audience, the witness never appeared, despite the accused’s wish to examine him. The witness was of unknown residence and could not be found. Thus neither the Court […]